In California, employees who are temporarily out of work, through no fault of their own, may collect unemployment benefits.
Eligibility for unemployment is based on various factors, such as prior earnings, the reason for unemployment, and other eligibility requirements created by California's Employment Development Department (EDD).
To collect unemployment benefits in California, you must meet three eligibility requirements:
The EDD will look at your recent work history and wages when you file for unemployment. The department will consider earnings during a one-year base period, which is generally the earliest four of the five complete calendar quarters before you file for unemployment.
In California, qualified applicants must have earned at least:
Most people who collect unemployment benefits have been laid off from their jobs, either permanently or temporarily. An employee who is laid off, loses a job in a reduction-in-force, or gets downsized for economic reasons, will meet the department's requirements.
When it comes to employees who are fired, the department examines the facts and makes decisions on a case-by-case basis. If an employee is fired for not being a good fit or for lacking the necessary skills to competently perform the job's duties, the employee should be able to collect benefits.
However, an employee who is fired due to his or her own breach of contract or professional misconduct will not be eligible for benefits. In California, an employee who is fired for misconduct is ineligible for benefits only if the employee failed to perform a material duty to the employer, in a manner that showed wanton or reckless disregard for the duty and tended to harm the employer's interests.
(Learn more about unemployment benefits for those who are fired).
Although people are generally unable to collect unemployment if they quit their jobs, there are certain reasons for quitting that won't render them ineligible for benefits. For example, an employee who quits because of adverse or unsafe working conditions may be able to receive benefits.
In this situation, the employee must be able to show that any other reasonable person who genuinely wanted the job would have left under the same circumstances. Generally, the employee must give the employer notice of the problem and an opportunity to correct it before quitting, in order to remain eligible for benefits.
Some employees quit their jobs for valid reasons that don't have anything to do with the employer. These include compelling personal health issues, family problems (like domestic abuse), or the need to care for a seriously ill family member. In California, employees who quit for compelling personal reasons like these will likely qualify for unemployment benefits.
(To learn more, see Getting Unemployment Benefits After Quitting).
Those who apply for unemployment must be available for work, able to work, and actively seeking work. The Employment Development Department asks employees to affirm that they meet these requirements when submitting benefits claims.
The EDD may also ask for the names of employers contacted, the dates on which the applicant contacted potential employers, and the outcome of those communications.
If you have questions about your unemployment claim, the unemployment process, or need technical help, you can call the California Employment Development Department (EDD) at the following numbers:
The hours are 8:00 am to 5:00 pm, Monday through Friday, except state holidays.
California also offers an automated self-help service for English and Spanish speakers at 1-866-333-4606.
You can file a claim for unemployment or check your claim status at UI Online.